Kálmán Molnár, Csaba Székely, Maria Láng: 
Field guide to the control of warmwater fish diseases in Central and Eastern Europe, the
Caucasus and Central Asia

FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Circular No.1182. Ankara, 2019.

Due to the recent rapid development of freshwater aquaculture in the Caucasus Region, many new and previously known fish diseases have appeared. One of the most prominent features of the region’s aquaculture is that it is mostly based on the rearing of cyprinids, mainly the common carp (Cyprinus carpio), as well as a few other predatory fish species. As a result, this book focuses on the diseases that affect these and other important warmwater fish species. Although this field guide covers the diseases of warmwater fish of Central and Eastern Europe, the Caucasus and Central Asia, it also draws upon the extensive knowledge base available for the countries of Central Europe and the former Soviet Union, as well as recent research findings from the Islamic Republic of Iran and from Turkey. The major warmwater fish species cultured in the region and their health status are discussed, and two major categories of disease are recognized: biotic and abiotic diseases.


Marieta A.H. Braks, Sipke E. van Wieren, Willem Takken and Hein Sprong (eds.) Ecology and prevention of Lyme borreliosis

Ecology and Control of Vector-borne diseases, Volume 4

Wageningen Academic Publishers, 2016
Hardcover ISBN: 978-90-8686-293-1

Földvári G (2016) Life cycle and ecology of Ixodes ricinus: the roots of public health importance. pp. 31-40.

Szekeres S, Majláthová V, Majláth I, Földvári G (2016) Neglected hosts: The role of lacertid lizards and medium-sized mammals in the eco-epidemiology of Lyme borreliosis. pp. 103-126.

How can nature be protected and biodiversity be preserved while the threats of zoonotic diseases are minimised? Expanding nature areas and creating ecological networks across Europe is not only beneficial for wildlife, but also for the pathogens they carry. A prominent case is Lyme borreliosis, which has risen from relative obscurity to become a major public health problem in Europe. The Dutch research program ‘Shooting the messenger’ took a ‘One Health’ approach aiming at the development of sustainable measures for the prevention of Lyme borreliosis. An interdisciplinary network of researchers, public health experts, and nature managers gained and shared knowledge in the ecological processes of ticks, Lyme spirochaetes and their vertebrate hosts as well as in the human epidemiology of tick bites and Lyme borreliosis. These new insights, together with new intervention methods and strategies, are described in this book.

Okamura Beth, Gruhl Alexander, Bartholomew Jerri (eds.)
Myxozoan Evolution, Ecology and Development.
Springer International Publishing, 2015
Hardcover ISBN: 9783319147529

Chapter 7: Hallett S L, Atkinson S D, Bartholomew J L, Székely C: Myxozoans exploiting homeotherms. pp. 125-135.

Chapter 10: Eszterbauer E, Atkinson S, Diamant A, Morris D, El-Matbouli M, Hartikainen H: Myxozoan Life Cycles: Practical Approaches and Insights. pp. 175-198.

Chapter 13: Kallert DM, Grabner DS, Yokoyama H, El-Matbouli M, Eszterbauer E: Transmission of Myxozoans to Vertebrate Hosts. pp. 235-251.

Chapter 16: Molnár K, Eszterbauer E: Specificity of Infection Sites in Vertebrate Hosts. pp. 295-313.

This book provides an up-to-date review of the biology of myxozoans, which represent a divergent clade of endoparasitic cnidarians. Myxozoans are of fundamental interest in understanding how early diverging metazoans have adopted parasitic lifestyles, and are also of considerable economic and ecological concern as endoparasites of fish. Synthesizing recent research, the chapters explore issues such as myxozoan origins; evolutionary trends and diversification; development and life cycles; interactions with hosts; immunology; disease ecology; the impacts of climate change on disease; risk assessment; emerging diseases; and disease mitigation. This comprehensive work will appeal to a wide readership, from invertebrate zoologists, evolutionary biologists and developmental biologists to ecologists and parasitologists. It will also be of great practical interest to fisheries and conservation biologists. The identification of key areas for future research will appeal to scientists at all levels

van den Thillart, Dufour S and Rankin C (eds.) Spawning migration of the European eel. Fish and Fisheries Series. Volume 30.
Springer Verlag, 2009

ISBN: 9781402090943

Chapter 9: Székely Cs, Pastra A., Molnár K, van den Thillart G: Impact of the swimbladder parasite on the health and performance of European eels. pp 221-228.

The European eel Anguilla anguilla is a common fish species in West European countries supporting several thousands of small-scale fisheries. In June 2007, it has been listed in Annex B of CITES after the 99% decline in recruitment observed over the last decades. A European Council Regulation was issued on September 2007 to arrest the collapse of the eel stock. In this book, we discuss the factors that may contribute to the collapse of the European eel population. With respect to conservation measures two important aspects have to be considered: quality and quantity of escaping silver eels. Clearly, a poor condition of the silver eels can never be compensated by large numbers. Qualitative parameters were thus far hardly available for management applications. The main goal of this book is to provide useful quality parameters for migrating silver eels, indicating their contribution to recruitment. The process of migration and maturation also provides information about the natural conditions for eel reproduction. Therefore, this book will also be very useful for eel aquaculture; it may provide tools for reproduction as well as for suppression of precocious maturation. An integrative approach regarding eel maturation requires a combination of ecology and physiology. In this book we included both aspects, and we hope that this will contribute to the restoration of the European eel population.

Woo PTK (ed): Fish Diseases and Disorders. Vol 1
CAB International, 2006
ISBN 9780851990156

Chapter 6: Molnár K: Phylum Apicomplexa. pp 181-202.

Chapter 12: Molnár K, Buchmann K, Székely Cs: Phylum Nematoda. pp 414-440.

Written by experts actively working in the area, this book provides a review of the major diseases of fish caused by protozoan and metazoan parasites. The new edition has been thoroughly updated since publication of the first edition in 1995. It covers recent advances in the understanding of fish diseases including the improvement of diagnostic techniques and understanding of phylogenetic relationships stemming from the application of molecular techniques. The book also contains more detailed information on pathogens that cause amoebiasis.

Mark Wheelis, Lajos Rózsa, Malcolm Dando (eds.): Deadly Cultures: Biological Weapons since 1945.
Harvard University Press, 2006

ISBN 9780674016996

The threat of biological weapons has never attracted as much public attention as in the past five years. Current concerns largely relate to the threat of weapons acquisition and use by rogue states or by terrorists. But the threat has deeper roots–it has been evident for fifty years that biological agents could be used to cause mass casualties and large-scale economic damage. Yet there has been little historical analysis of such weapons over the past half-century. Deadly Cultures sets out to fill this gap by analyzing the historical developments since 1945 and addressing three central issues: Why have states continued or begun programs for acquiring biological weapons? Why have states terminated biological weapons programs? How have states demonstrated that they have truly terminated their biological weapons programs? We now live in a world in which the basic knowledge needed to develop biological weapons is more widely available than ever before. Deadly Cultures provides the lessons from history that we urgently need in order to strengthen the long-standing prohibition of biological weapons.

Tibor Kassai: Veterinary helminthology
Butterworth-Heinemann, 1999

ISBN 0750635630

This book presents information on the causative organisms, epidemiology and clinical features of helminth infections encountered both in temperate and tropical zones. It enables the reader to reach an accurate diagnosis, select an appropriate chemotherapeutic agent, and judge alternative options for designing integrated, economic and sustainable worm control programs. Particular reference is made to helminth infections transmissible from animals to man. Typically human helminthoses (e.g. schistosomosis, lymphatic filarioidoses, etc.) are also included.